Saturday, November 21, 2009


Caperis a biennial, evergreen, shrub belonging to the Capparaceae family, native to the Mediterranean region. The plant usually grows wild in rocky coastal areas and has oval-shaped, fleshy leaves. The plant bears small buds, closed tight as fists, that spring daily from the long shoots and eventually open into exquisite white, pale pink or pink flowers with violet pistils and stamens. The buds are the size of a maize kernel and olive green in color when ripe.

Caper buds are used extensively as a condiment or garnish in Mediterranean, Greek and Italian cuisine. They are typically pickled in oil, brine or vinegar and excess salt is drained off before using them for cooking. They go particularly well in tomato and wine based sauces and in poultry and fish recipes. Capers can also be used to substitute olives for garnishing a Martini

be beneficial in treating rheumatism. Caper roots also help in increasing blood pressure by contracting the blood vessels. Topical application of Caper roots is known to help sensitive skin and bruises. Caper bark is dried to be used as a diuretic.
The buds of this bush are also known to have laxative, expectorant and tonic properties. They are used to treat coughs, eye infections and known to prevent cataract formation. Caper decoction is also used to cure fungal infection in the vaginal area. Topical application of bruised leaves is believed to cure gout.

It can propagate from seeds as well as cuttings. It is an easy-to-grow shrub which can grow well in sandy, loamy or even heavy (clay) soils. It prefers well-drained soil rich in acids and alkaline. Adequate sunlight and watering are required for the shrub to grow at its best. Generally it takes 3-4 years to mature completely. Ensure that regular pruning is carried out to achieve higher production.

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